The dynamic, artistic and highly sophisticated Minoan civilisation flourished on Crete and on Thera/Santorini ca 2700-1500BC. Named after the mythological King Minos, the wealthy MInoans traded extensively across the Mediterranean area. Their vast palaces were adorned with colourful frescoes and pottery which reflected their love of the natural world.
The bull played a particularly prominent role in the Minoan culture of ancient Crete, where it was associated with Poseidon, the elemental god of the sea. Bull heads and horns were used as symbols in the palace at Knossos, the largest Bronze Age site on the island. The Minoans represented the bull in their art and jewellery.