These famous Minoan figurines are thought to represent a mother goddess and, maybe, her daughter. They could be fertility deities, because of their exposed breasts and the snakes which coil around their limbs.
The snake was a symbol of healing and renewal, and was associated with sacred places.
The original faïence figurines, dating to ca 1600BC, were found at the palace at Knossos in Crete, and are now in the Museum at Heraklion. Photographed here, Goddess A is shown on the right, Goddess B -slightly larger- on the left.