The olive was a symbol of Athena, goddess of wisdom, intelligence and resourcefulness. She was also the patron deity of Athens, the city to which she gave her name and the gift of the olive.
The famous owl coinage of ancient Athens also featured a sprig of olive, the owl - symbol of Athena - and the first three letters of Athena's name in Greek (alpha, theta, epsilon).
The olive is a symbol of achievement and success. More on the olive and its significance in Insights.